Catalysis by ultrathin
LaBO3 (B=Co, Fe) perovskite films

Subproject P08

Perovskites are important catalysts, but detailed knowledge of their surface structure and chemistry is often lacking. The long-term objective of P08 is to elucidate structure-function correlations and visualize molecule-perovskite interaction in reactions involving O2, H2, CO, CO2, or H2O.

In the first project period, we will develop surface science-based model systems of LaCoO3 and LaFeO3 perovskites. Both epitaxial and polycrystalline thin films will be grown in UHV, guided by characterization via LEED, SXRD, SEM/EBSD, XPS/UPS/LEIS, IRAS, and TPD. Isotopically (18O or 13C) labeled adsorbates or films will reveal how oxygen and oxygen-containing molecules are activated. We will analyze the data in close collaboration with theoretical groups who simulate structure, stability, and infrared spectra (P03 Kresse).

We will employ a unique combination of in situ surface spectroscopy (PM-IRAS, NAP-XPS, SXRD) and in situ surface microscopy (PEEM, SPEM), combined with MS gas phase analysis, to monitor ongoing reactions from HV to atmospheric pressure. This procedure should enable us to gain fundamental insights into the interplay of ternary oxide atomic and electronic structure, defects, composition, adsorption, as well as initiation and spatial progression of surface reactions on the mesoscale via reaction fronts (local kinetics by imaging). Project P08 will create the required bridge between single crystals (P02 Diebold, P04 Parkinson) and more application-relevant nanomaterials (P10 Föttinger).

Günther Rupprechter
PI

Expertise

Our expertise is experimental surface science and its application to studies in heterogeneous catalysis. We operate a total of seven ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) chambers, three of which are coupled to high-pressure cells. In situ and operando studies of surface reactions are carried out by area-averaging surface spectroscopy and real-time surface microscopy on the nano- and mesoscale. All chambers are equipped with facilities for sample preparation (sputtering, annealing, gas dosing), as well as various growth techniques (e-beam evaporators, Knudsen cells, sputter deposition). Analysis techniques used in our research include:

  • Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES)
  • Field Emission Microscopy (FEM)
  • Field Ion Microscopy (FIM)
  • Gas Chromatography (GC)
  • Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED)
  • Low-Energy Ion Scattering (LEIS)
  • Mass Spectroscopy (MS)
  • PhotoEmission Electron Microscopy (PEEM)
  • Polarization Modulation Infrared Reflection-Absorption Spectroscopy (PM-IRAS)
  • Sum Frequency Generation (SFG)
  • Scanning PhotoElectron Microscopy (SPEM)
  • Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM)
  • Temperature-Programmed Desorption (TPD)
  • Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS)
  • X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)
  • Surface X-Ray Diffraction (SXRD)
  • X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)

Collaboration Partners:

  • Prof. Andreas Stierle, DESY Hamburg, Germany: SXRD
  • Dr. Luca Gregoratti, ELETTRA Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy: SPEM
Our main equipment
Schematic overview on the left (a); photograph on the right (b)

The combined application of photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) and scanning photoelectron microscopy (SPEM) is particularly beneficial for TACO because these techniques allow visualizing ongoing reactions and local surface analysis on a µm-scale.

Team

Günther Rupprechter
PI

Thomas Wicht
PhD Student

Parinya Tangpakonsab PhD Student

Associates

Yuri Suchorski
Associated Professor

Alexander Genest
PostDoc

Xia Li
PostDoc

Nevzat Yigit
PostDoc

Johannes Zeininger
PostDoc

Thomas Haunold
PhD Student

Maximilian Raab
PhD Student

Philipp Winkler
PhD Student

Publications

19 entries « 2 of 2 »

2020

An ultrahigh vacuum-compatible reaction cell for model catalysis under atmospheric pressure flow conditions

Haunold, Thomas; Rameshan, Christoph; Bukhtiyarov, Andrey V; Rupprechter, Günther

An ultrahigh vacuum-compatible reaction cell for model catalysis under atmospheric pressure flow conditions Journal Article

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, 91 (12), pp. 125101, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, P10, pre-TACO

Energy-Guided Shape Control Towards Highly Active CeO2

Yang, Jingxia; Ding, Huihui; Wang, Jinjie; Yigit, Nevzat; Xu, Jingli; Rupprechter, Günther; Zhang, Min; Li, Zhiquan

Energy-Guided Shape Control Towards Highly Active CeO2 Journal Article

In: Topics in Catalysis, 63 (19-20), pp. 1743–1753, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

Catalysis by Imaging: From Meso- to Nano-scale

Suchorski, Yuri; Rupprechter, Günther

Catalysis by Imaging: From Meso- to Nano-scale Journal Article

In: Topics in Catalysis, 63 (15-18), pp. 1532–1544, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

The Dynamic Structure of Au38(SR)24 Nanoclusters Supported on CeO2 upon Pretreatment and CO Oxidation

Pollitt, Stephan; Truttmann, Vera; Haunold, Thomas; Garcia, Clara; Olszewski, Wojciech; Llorca, Jordi; é, Noelia Barrab; Rupprechter, Günther

The Dynamic Structure of Au38(SR)24 Nanoclusters Supported on CeO2 upon Pretreatment and CO Oxidation Journal Article

In: ACS Catalysis, 10 (11), pp. 6144–6148, 2020.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

2019

Preface: Surface Science of functional oxides

Diebold, Ulrike; Rupprechter, Günther

Preface: Surface Science of functional oxides Journal Article

In: Surface Science, 681 , pp. A1, 2019.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: P02, P08, pre-TACO

2018

Operando Insights into CO Oxidation on Cobalt Oxide Catalysts by NAP-XPS, FTIR, and XRD

Lukashuk, Liliana; Yigit, Nevzat; Rameshan, Raffael; Kolar, Elisabeth; Teschner, Detre; Hävecker, Michael; Knop-Gericke, Axel; Schlögl, Robert; Föttinger, Karin; Rupprechter, Günther

Operando Insights into CO Oxidation on Cobalt Oxide Catalysts by NAP-XPS, FTIR, and XRD Journal Article

In: ACS Catalysis, 8 (9), pp. 8630–8641, 2018.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, P10, pre-TACO

2016

Operando XAS and NAP-XPS studies of preferential CO oxidation on Co3O4 and CeO2-Co3O4 catalysts

Lukashuk, Liliana; Föttinger, Karin; Kolar, Elisabeth; Rameshan, Christoph; Teschner, Detre; Hävecker, Michael; Knop-Gericke, Axel; Yigit, Nevzat; Li, Hao; McDermott, Eamon; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Rupprechter, Günther

Operando XAS and NAP-XPS studies of preferential CO oxidation on Co3O4 and CeO2-Co3O4 catalysts Journal Article

In: Journal of Catalysis, 344 , pp. 1–15, 2016.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, P10, pre-TACO

Methane dry reforming over ceria-zirconia supported Ni catalysts

Wolfbeisser, Astrid; Sophiphun, Onsulang; Bernardi, Johannes; Wittayakun, Jatuporn; Föttinger, Karin; Rupprechter, Günther

Methane dry reforming over ceria-zirconia supported Ni catalysts Journal Article

In: Catalysis Today, 277 , pp. 234–245, 2016.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, P10, pre-TACO

2014

In Situ Spectroscopy of Complex Surface Reactions on Supported Pd–Zn, Pd–Ga, and Pd(Pt)–Cu Nanoparticles

Föttinger, Karin; Rupprechter, Günther

In Situ Spectroscopy of Complex Surface Reactions on Supported Pd–Zn, Pd–Ga, and Pd(Pt)–Cu Nanoparticles Journal Article

In: Accounts of Chemical Research, 47 (10), pp. 3071–3079, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, P10, pre-TACO

19 entries « 2 of 2 »