Surface structure and reactivity of
multi-component oxides at the atomic scale

Subproject P02

Multi-component metal oxides exhibit a plethora of stoichiometry-dependent structural phases at the surface, even if the composition of the bulk is kept the same. The long-term objective of P02 is to unravel the relationship between surface electronic and geometric structure and reactivity, to ultimately tune these materials for energy-related reactions such as the ORR. The project applies the surface science approach. We will grow well-defined, epitaxial perovskite thin films of LSFO and LSMO in a UHV-based PLD/surface science apparatus under tight control of the surface stoichiometry in the first project period. We will determine the coordinates of surface atoms quantitatively using LEED-IV in close collaboration with theoretical groups.

Theoretical models will also help with interpreting atomically-resolved ncAFM/STM images. These images give direct insights into the behavior of polarons in these complex materials and show how adsorbates such as O2, H2O, CO, and CO2 interact with electronic and structural defects. XPS, TPD, and FTIR of these well-defined systems will deliver desorption energies, vibrational frequencies, and spectral fingerprints. These experimental data on well-defined systems will build a bridge when tested under ‘realistic’ environments at high pressure/temperature and in aqueous solutions. They will also serve to validate ML-based theory approaches.

Ulrike Diebold
PI

Expertise

Our expertise is experimental surface science. We operate a total of seven ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) chambers, which contain virtually all main experimental surface science techniques, as well as an (electro-)chemistry lab.

All chambers are equipped with facilities for sample preparation (sputtering/annealing/gas dosing), as well as various growth techniques (e-beam evaporators, Knudsen cells, UHV-compatible sputter deposition, pulsed laser deposition (PLD)).

Analysis techniques used in our research include:

  • Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) (in UHV 4K – 300 K, electrochemical STM)
  • Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM): UHV-based (q+ sensor) and in the ambient (cantilever-based)
  • Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED)
  • Reflection High Energy Diffraction (RHEED)
  • X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
  • Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS)
  • Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES)
  • Low-energy He+ ion scattering (LEIS)
  • Thermal Programmed Desorption Spectroscopy (TPD)

Of particular use for TACO is our combined Pulsed-Laser Deposition/Surface Science setup shown on the right-hand side. It allows the growth of multi-component metal oxides and the investigations of surface properties within the same UHV setup.

Team

Ulrike Diebold
PI

Michele Riva
co-PI

Michael Schmid
co-PI

Alexander Michael Imre
PhD Student

Erik Rheinfrank
PhD Student

Michael Brunthaler
Master Student

Florian Dörr
Master Student

Publications

Show all

43 entries « 1 of 5 »

2021

Ni-modified Fe3O4(001) surface as a simple model system for understanding the oxygen evolution reaction

Mirabella, Francesca; Müllner, Matthias; Touzalin, Thomas; Riva, Michele; Jakub, Zdenek; Kraushofer, Florian; Schmid, Michael; Koper, Marc T M; Parkinson, Gareth S; Diebold, Ulrike

Ni-modified Fe3O4(001) surface as a simple model system for understanding the oxygen evolution reaction Journal Article

In: Electrochimica Acta, 389 , pp. 138638, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P02, P04, pre-TACO

Emerging applications of MXene materials in CO2 photocatalysis

Shen, Jiahui; Wu, Zhiyi; Li, Chaoran; Zhang, Chengcheng; Genest, Alexander; Rupprechter, Günther; He, Le

Emerging applications of MXene materials in CO2 photocatalysis Journal Article

In: FlatChem, 28 , pp. 100252, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

Resolving multifrequential oscillations and nanoscale interfacet communication in single-particle catalysis

Suchorski, Yuri; Zeininger, Johannes; Buhr, Sebastian; Raab, Maximilian; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Bernardi, Johannes; Grönbeck, Henrik; Rupprechter, Günther

Resolving multifrequential oscillations and nanoscale interfacet communication in single-particle catalysis Journal Article

In: Science, 372 (6548), pp. 1314–1318, 2021.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

Improved description of atomic environments using low-cost polynomial functions with compact support

Bircher, Martin P; Singraber, Andreas; Dellago, Christoph

Improved description of atomic environments using low-cost polynomial functions with compact support Journal Article

In: Machine Learning: Science and Technology, 2 (3), pp. 035026, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P12, pre-TACO

α-β phase transition of zirconium predicted by on-the-fly machine-learned force field

Liu, Peitao; Verdi, Carla; Karsai, Ferenc; Kresse, Georg

α-β phase transition of zirconium predicted by on-the-fly machine-learned force field Journal Article

In: Physical Review Materials, 5 (5), pp. 053804, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P03, pre-TACO

Evolutionary computing and machine learning for discovering of low-energy defect configurations

Arrigoni, Marco; Madsen, Georg K H

Evolutionary computing and machine learning for discovering of low-energy defect configurations Journal Article

In: npj Computational Materials, 7 (1), 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P09, pre-TACO

Co3O4-CeO2 Nanocomposites for Low-Temperature CO Oxidation

Yang, Jingxia; Yigit, Nevzat; Möller, Jury; Rupprechter, Günther

Co3O4-CeO2 Nanocomposites for Low-Temperature CO Oxidation Journal Article

In: Chemistry A European Journal, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

Direct CO2 capture and conversion to fuels on magnesium nanoparticles under ambient conditions simply using water

Rawool, Sushma A; Belgamwar, Rajesh; Jana, Rajkumar; Maity, Ayan; Bhumla, Ankit; Yigit, Nevzat; Datta, Ayan; Rupprechter, Günther; Polshettiwar, Vivek

Direct CO2 capture and conversion to fuels on magnesium nanoparticles under ambient conditions simply using water Journal Article

In: Chemical Science, 12 (16), pp. 5774–5786, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

Polarons in materials

Franchini, Cesare; Reticcioli, Michele; Setvin, Martin; Diebold, Ulrike

Polarons in materials Journal Article

In: Nature Reviews Materials, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P02, P07, pre-TACO

Operando Surface Spectroscopy and Microscopy during Catalytic Reactions: From Clusters via Nanoparticles to Meso-Scale Aggregates

Rupprechter, Günther

Operando Surface Spectroscopy and Microscopy during Catalytic Reactions: From Clusters via Nanoparticles to Meso-Scale Aggregates Journal Article

In: Small, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08, pre-TACO

43 entries « 1 of 5 »