Catalysis by ultrathin
LaBO3 (B=Co, Fe) perovskite films

Subproject P08

Perovskites are important catalysts, but detailed knowledge of their surface structure and chemistry is often lacking. The long-term objective of P08 is to elucidate structure-function correlations and visualize molecule-perovskite interaction in reactions involving O2, H2, CO, CO2, or H2O.

In the first project period, we will develop surface science-based model systems of LaCoO3 and LaFeO3 perovskites. Both epitaxial and polycrystalline thin films will be grown in UHV, guided by characterization via LEED, SXRD, SEM/EBSD, XPS/UPS/LEIS, IRAS, and TPD. Isotopically (18O or 13C) labeled adsorbates or films will reveal how oxygen and oxygen-containing molecules are activated. We will analyze the data in close collaboration with theoretical groups who simulate structure, stability, and infrared spectra (P03 Kresse).

We will employ a unique combination of in situ surface spectroscopy (PM-IRAS, NAP-XPS, SXRD) and in situ surface microscopy (PEEM, SPEM), combined with MS gas phase analysis, to monitor ongoing reactions from HV to atmospheric pressure. This procedure should enable us to gain fundamental insights into the interplay of ternary oxide atomic and electronic structure, defects, composition, adsorption, as well as initiation and spatial progression of surface reactions on the mesoscale via reaction fronts (local kinetics by imaging). Project P08 will create the required bridge between single crystals (P02 Diebold, P04 Parkinson) and more application-relevant nanomaterials (P10 Föttinger).

Günther Rupprechter
PI

Expertise

Our expertise is experimental surface science and its application to studies in heterogeneous catalysis. We operate a total of seven ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) chambers, three of which are coupled to high-pressure cells. In situ and operando studies of surface reactions are carried out by area-averaging surface spectroscopy and real-time surface microscopy on the nano- and mesoscale. All chambers are equipped with facilities for sample preparation (sputtering, annealing, gas dosing), as well as various growth techniques (e-beam evaporators, Knudsen cells, sputter deposition). Analysis techniques used in our research include:

  • Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES)
  • Field Emission Microscopy (FEM)
  • Field Ion Microscopy (FIM)
  • Gas Chromatography (GC)
  • Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED)
  • Low-Energy Ion Scattering (LEIS)
  • Mass Spectroscopy (MS)
  • PhotoEmission Electron Microscopy (PEEM)
  • Polarization Modulation Infrared Reflection-Absorption Spectroscopy (PM-IRAS)
  • Sum Frequency Generation (SFG)
  • Scanning PhotoElectron Microscopy (SPEM)
  • Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM)
  • Temperature-Programmed Desorption (TPD)
  • Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS)
  • X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)
  • Surface X-Ray Diffraction (SXRD)
  • X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)

Collaboration Partners:

  • Prof. Andreas Stierle, DESY Hamburg, Germany: SXRD
  • Dr. Luca Gregoratti, ELETTRA Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy: SPEM
Our main equipment
Schematic overview on the left (a); photograph on the right (b)

The combined application of photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) and scanning photoelectron microscopy (SPEM) is particularly beneficial for TACO because these techniques allow visualizing ongoing reactions and local surface analysis on a µm-scale.

Team

Günther Rupprechter
PI

Qaisar Maqbool
PostDoc

Thomas Wicht
PhD Student

Parinya Tangpakonsab PhD Student

Associates

Alexander Genest
PostDoc

Thomas Haunold
PostDoc

Xia Li
PostDoc

Philipp Winkler
PostDoc

Nevzat Yigit
PostDoc

Johannes Zeininger
PostDoc

Maximilian Raab
PhD Student

Former Members

Yvan J. O. Asencios
Visiting Professor

Camilla Ferreira de Sá Codeço
Visiting Professor

Yuri Suchorski
Associated Professor

Publications

34 entries « 1 of 4 »

2023

Lanthanum modulated reaction pacemakers on a single catalytic nanoparticle

Raab, Maximilian; Zeininger, Johannes; Suchorski, Yuri; Genest, Alexander; Weigl, Carla; Rupprechter, Günther

Lanthanum modulated reaction pacemakers on a single catalytic nanoparticle

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: Nature Communications, vol. 14, no. 7186, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Highly Efficient Conversion of Greenhouse Gases Using a Quadruple Mixed Oxide-Supported Nickel Catalyst in Reforming Process

Phichairatanaphong, Orrakanya; Yigit, Nevzat; Rupprechter, Günther; Chareonpanich, Metta; Donphai, Waleeporn

Highly Efficient Conversion of Greenhouse Gases Using a Quadruple Mixed Oxide-Supported Nickel Catalyst in Reforming Process

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 62, iss. 40, pp. 16254–16267, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Kinetic and Computational Studies of CO Oxidation and PROX on Cu/CeO2 Nanospheres

Tangpakonsab, Parinya; Genest, Alexander; Yang, Jingxia; Meral, Ali; Zou, Bingjie; Yigit, Nevzat; Schwarz, Sabine; Rupprechter, Günther

Kinetic and Computational Studies of CO Oxidation and PROX on Cu/CeO2 Nanospheres

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: Topics in Catalysis, vol. 66, pp. 1129–1142, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Partial Oxidation of Bio-methane over Nickel Supported on MgO–ZrO2 Solid Solutions

Asencios, Yvan J. O.; Yigit, Nevzat; Wicht, Thomas; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Lucrédio, Alessandra F.; Marcos, Francielle C. F.; Assaf, Elisabete M.; Rupprechter, Günther

Partial Oxidation of Bio-methane over Nickel Supported on MgO–ZrO2 Solid Solutions

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: Topics in Catalysis, vol. 66, pp. 1539–1552, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Imaging Interface and Particle Size Effects by In Situ Correlative Microscopy of a Catalytic Reaction

Winkler, Philipp; Raab, Maximilian; Zeininger, Johannes; Rois, Lea M.; Suchorski, Yuri; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Amati, Matteo; Parmar, Rahul; Gregoratti, Luca; Rupprechter, Günther

Imaging Interface and Particle Size Effects by In Situ Correlative Microscopy of a Catalytic Reaction

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: ACS Catalysis, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 7650–7660, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Polarization-Dependent Sum-Frequency-Generation Spectroscopy for In Situ Tracking of Nanoparticle Morphology

Pramhaas, Verena; Unterhalt, Holger; Freund, Hans-Joachim; Rupprechter, Günther

Polarization-Dependent Sum-Frequency-Generation Spectroscopy for In Situ Tracking of Nanoparticle Morphology

Journal Article

In: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, vol. 62, no. 19, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Emergence of chaos in a compartmentalized catalytic reaction nanosystem

Raab, Maximilian; Zeininger, Johannes; Suchorski, Yuri; Tokuda, Keita; Rupprechter, Günther

Emergence of chaos in a compartmentalized catalytic reaction nanosystem

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: Nature Communications, vol. 14, pp. 736–745, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Operando monitoring of a room temperature nanocomposite methanol sensor

Maqbool, Qaisar; Yigit, Nevzat; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Ruello, Maria Letizia; Tittarelli, Francesca; Rupprechter, Günther

Operando monitoring of a room temperature nanocomposite methanol sensor

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: Catalysis Science & Technology, vol. 13, iss. 3, pp. 624–636, 2023.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

2022

Reaction Modes on a Single Catalytic Particle: Nanoscale Imaging and Micro-Kinetic Modeling

Zeininger, Johannes; Raab, Maximilian; Suchorski, Yuri; Buhr, Sebastian; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Bernardi, Johannes; Rupprechter, Günther

Reaction Modes on a Single Catalytic Particle: Nanoscale Imaging and Micro-Kinetic Modeling

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: ACS Catalysis, vol. 12, no. 20, pp. 12774–12785, 2022.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

Pattern Formation in Catalytic H2 Oxidation on Rh: Zooming in by Correlative Microscopy

Zeininger, Johannes; Winkler, Philipp; Raab, Maximilian; Suchorski, Yuri; Prieto, Mauricio J.; Tănase, Liviu C.; Caldas, Lucas Souza; Tiwari, Aarti; Schmidt, Thomas; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Steiger-Thirsfeld, Andreas; Cuenya, Beatriz Roldan; Rupprechter, Günther

Pattern Formation in Catalytic H2 Oxidation on Rh: Zooming in by Correlative Microscopy

Journal ArticleOpen Access

In: ACS Catalysis, vol. 12, no. 19, pp. 11974–11983, 2022.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: P08

34 entries « 1 of 4 »